Down syndrome is also known as trisomy 21 and is a genetic disorder that approximately happens in 1 out of 800 births. It is a chromosomal condition that is caused by the presence of all or a part of a 21st chromosome. The effects and extent vary in different people depending on their genetic history and pure chance. Down syndrome diseases occur in all human beings irrespectively and have been found to also occur in chimpanzees and mice. People with Down syndrome diseases can have some of the following physical characteristics: an abnormally small chin, an unusually round face, protruding or oversized tongue, almond shaped eyes, short limbs, and a single instead of a double crease across one or both palms and many more.
Down syndrome is named after Doctor Langdon Down, a British physician, who in 1866 first described the syndrome as a disorder. Though associated with births, Down syndrome diseases are statistically more common with older parents due to increased mutagenic exposures upon some older parents’ reproductive cells. People with Down syndrome diseases usually have low intelligence and a small number have a degree of intellectual disability. Most children with Down syndrome who have received proper care and tutoring have managed to graduate high school. Life expectancy has drastically increased in people with Down syndrome over the decades. People with Down syndrome diseases averagely live to 55 with proper care and good health. People with Down syndrome diseases have e a higher risk of congenital heart problems, ear infections that can lead to loss of hearing, obstructive sleep apnea and even obesity.
Early childhood screening for other common problems, good medical treatment, a conducive and supportive family environment as well as vocational training are some of the things that help a person with adown syndrome diseases improve in the overall development. Education and proper care will improve the quality of life for them in a very significant manner. Despite the reports of more than one member of a family having Down syndrome diseases they are not a classical hereditary diseases. Due to advancement in technology prenatal identification of Down syndrome disease in a fetus has become possible. Down syndrome is the most common cause for mental retardation and child malformation in many births. It basically affects an equal number of boys as well as girls.
Tips and comments
No treatment is available for Down syndrome diseases and the idea is to know how to handle a case of the disease. Due to the many risks that come along with Down syndrome diseases it is good to take care of the person with it stating from birth or from the pregnancy period if you find out that early. It is good to seek professional help where necessary and provide the best health care one can. Being supportive of people with Down syndrome diseases is very helpful in their growth and helps not to feel neglected, out casted or very different from everybody else. Love and care is very essential because it shows them that they are important in your life.
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