Management Information Systems (MIS) provide information which is needed to manage organizations efficiently and effectively. It involves three primary resources: people, technology, and information or decision making. As management is not directly involved with information processing or transaction processing, they need information to make business strategies and plans. Such information is provided in form of reports prepared by middle management for top management. Management information systems help middle management to collect and organize data to be provided to top management. This system relies totally on IT for excessive technical support. In business, information systems support the process of collection, manipulation, storage, distribution and utilization of an organization's information resources, business processes and operations.
Tips for Management Information Systems are:
A system should be developed by professionals who are expert in development and implementation of software’s system. A system developed by professionally skilled people usually does not involve time lags or laps.
The system should not be considered for statistics or data analysis only, but for assessment of human capabilities as well and it can be used as a tool for management by objectives.
Management Information Systems should be a combination of business and technical information system that addresses the needs of organization.
The system must comprehend organizational structures, objectives, operations including processes and the flows of data between processes and the financial connotations related to these factors.
Management Information Systems should be updated in accordance with changing information technologies. It requires MIS professionals to keep their skills updated and to use these skills in incorporating the require modification in information system.
Management Information Systems people must be well versed in systems development tools and techniques, information architecture, network configurations, databases, and systems integration. It facilitates a person’s understanding regarding information system.
Management Information Systems should give detail information regarding accounts and finance with focus on profits, mark-up or margin on products, receipts and expenses. Expenses include both fixed and recurring expenses.
System should give a complete account of employee’s performance, which can be measured by reviewing the output produced by each person. Working schedules should be introduced in information system because only then a system can measure employee’s performance.
As employees are directly involved in data processing, they are capable of influencing performance schedules and productivity shown in the system. This needs a system to apply strict security measures.
Passwords should be used to restrict individuals other than professionals, having expertise in processing information system, to have any connection with Management Information Systems.
Previously business computers were used for the practical business of computing the payroll and keeping track of accounts payable and receivable. Applications were developed to provide managers with information about sales, inventories, and other data that may help them in managing the enterprise, Management Information System arose to describe these kinds of applications. Today, the management information system is used broadly in a number of contexts and includes decision support systems, resource and people management applications, project management, and database retrieval applications.
I hope these tips will help you understand the concepts of management information systems.
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