A network server, no matter of which type, just need a network to give it access to the Internet and allow that network to communicate and pass data with other computers. Since a network server usually has very high traffic loads when it compared to a normal desktop PC means a standalone computers, it requires a network structure or a network which should be robust enough to prevent a bottleneck. Most network server use gigabit Ethernet, which is capable of transferring data at the rate of 1,000 MB/s. There is also megabit Ethernet category of network. Despite all this being a relatively high-speed, the parts needed to build such a network are available at most major computer and electronics stores.
There are a lot of different types of network server. Most popular type of network server are proxy servers, web server, mail server, application server, real-time communication server, ftp servers, collaboration servers, telnet servers, open source servers, virtual servers, chat servers and audio/video servers. Doesn’t matter which type of network server you are using mostly there is the same technique to establish them. In this article we will talk about setting up a small network server for a company or a home network. With the help of this method most network servers mentioned above can be established.
First of all, one needs to locate a networking switch positioned at some central location. Each computer must be connected with a network line in order to connect to this location, so make sure that it is physically positioned correctly. Plug one end of Ethernet network cable into an empty port on the back of the switch including the server.
Plug the Internet modem's Ethernet cable into the switch if you want to share that as well. If you want to take the advantage of the gigabit speeds, each computer which is connected to network server will need to have a gigabit-capable networking card. This can be checked right-clicking on "My Computer," clicking "Properties," then the "Hardware" tab, followed by "Device Manager." Under "Network Adapters" the card type will be listed.
If any of the computers don't have one of these cards, one can be purchased and easily installed by the average computer user.Now, finally run the network configuration tool on each computer connected to network server. On a workstation which is Windows-based, you can find this Network Setup Wizard, located in the Control Panel.
The configuration tool will detect the network automatically and the type of the computers present on the network as well. While setting up this one might be asked questions, such as name of the network, what name each computer should have etc.
This technique can be used in any network like 100 megabit or 10 megabit Ethernet network server. But it might result in poor speed performance of the network for such network servers. And also this article only talk about the windows based configuration techniques. Users which are using other OS might need some other steps.
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