Diseases Cancer

What Is Cancer

Published at 02/12/2012 05:08:29


Cancer is one of the most feared and controversial diseases in the modern era simply because the causes are not fully known. It is also one of the "newer" diseases, having only been discovered less than a century ago. Cancer today has no cure, which is why people are constantly trying to find ways to know more about the condition and are doing everything to prevent the occurrence. People who like to know cancer what is will learn more below.


Cancer Overview

Cancer is generally described as the uncontrollable development and multiplication of abnormal cells inside the body. There are two distinct types - malignant and benign. The abnormal or cancerous cells are referred to as malignant, while the non-cancerous ones are referred to as benign. Both types might continue to grow and spread, but the benign type will not lead to further problems in the body. During the spread of malignant cancer, healthy cells are constantly being destroyed and replaced by disease-stricken ones, up to the point that body organs and systems are no longer functioning and the person experiences total weakness and then death. Prognosis of the disease is generally poor.


Triggers of Cancer

Normally, the body will produce cells if it needs these and then the cells will eventually die when no longer needed. In the presence of cancer what is, the body continues to produce cells at a very abnormal and fast rate. Cells do not die and will continue to multiply even if these are not needed by the body. Several organs can develop cancer as these abnormal cells come out of the healthy ones. The examples are breast cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer, bone cancer, throat cancer, prostate cancer, brain cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, blood cancer and nerve tissue cancer.

Although the true cause of cancer is not fully understood, several factors are known to contribute to the development of cancer what is, such as excessive drinking of alcohol, substance or drug abuse, excessive intake of processed foods, chemicals and benzene, asbestos, harmful gases and fumes, plants that emit poisons, fumes and toxins, radiation, genetics, excessive sunlight, virus, bacteria and obesity.

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Diagnosis and Treatment

Cancer develops into four stages and will be defined according to the spread of the abnormal cells. Various symptoms and signs will also be experienced by the patients. Prevention is the best cure for cancer what is, which is why individuals are recommended to perform self-tests and monitor certain unusual changes in their body. Lumps are one of the most common signs. The person can undergo a number of diagnostic tests like tumor biopsy, chest x-ray, MRI or magnetic resonance imaging and complete blood count to identify the presence. Early detection has a better survival rate. The person will have to undergo chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery to take out the tumor or diseased organ. Treatment duration of cancer what is can be anywhere from a few weeks up to several years.