Real Estate Mutual Funds

What You Should Know About Funds Mutual

Published at 02/04/2012 15:10:24


Funds Mutual is a type of an investment and money making/saving scheme where investors pool their money together and buy stocks, bonds and securities etc. It is thus a type of collective investment scheme owned by the investors but managed by corporations where the investors are the shareholders. These funds are usually professionally managed who carry out the day to day operations of the fund and charge an operation fee. The earnings (gains or losses and dividend) of a mutual fund are distributed among the investors, in appropriate proportions of the money invested by each investor.

As described earlier, the funds mutual are a form of collective investment, here the investors or the shareholders pool their money to invest in commodities, stocks etc. The fund collected is then handed over to a professionally managed corporation to be invested in variety of areas, so as to make the returns of the investors more secure. This helps the investors to collectively diversify their investments, something which might not have been possible individually due to their limited financial means. The mutual funds are often seen as a safe and secure form of investing as the idea behind investing in multiple avenues is that the losses in one holding would be covered by the gains in another.


This kind of investment really caught the public’s attention as a valuable form in the 1980’s and 1990’s. This period saw tremendous growth in funds mutual because of incredible returns to the investors experienced. However, the idea of collective investment of money has been around for a long time. It is widely believed that the first investment fund of the world was started by King William I in Netherlands in the year 1822. This idea then soon spread to Great Britain and France by the 1890’s chiefly due to its risk mitigation features.

The modern day Mutual fund in the United States was born out of the establishment of Massachusetts Investors’ Trust in Boston, Massachusetts. The company was established in 1924 and went public in 1928. By 1929, seven hundred more closed ended funds had emerged. After a setback in 1929 following the crash of stock markets and the era of great depression in the United States, the funds mutual as an investment was revived and continues to exist today in various forms.


There exists a wide variety in the types of mutual funds on offer today, but all of them can be broadly classified as open-ended or close-ended funds. The open-ended fund has no fixed number of shares and is often identified as a fluid capital stock. The number of shares changes with the buying or selling of shares by investors. A closed-end mutual fund has a fixed number of shares whose value fluctuates with the market. In such funds, the influence of the fund manager is much lesser than in open-ended funds.

A modern day mutual fund can be classified as per the strategy they employ in investing. They can be value stocks, growth stocks, income stocks and even mutual funds of a mutual fund. Another form of the fund is Exchange traded funds (ETF’s) which are similar to a mutual fund except that they are traded in a stock exchange exactly like a stock.

Tips and comments

Although a relatively safe investment, there are a few things to take care of while investing in funds mutual. Too many transactions in the fund might result in a large operational fee and thus reduce returns. Some mutual funds also might perform below other similar mutual funds due to poor management. One also has to beware of scandals where the fund managers do not reveal the exact information to the investors. Also the threat from ETF’s to other forms of the fund exists as these funds have much lesser fee involved than other actively managed funds. However, considering everything that such investments have to offer, the low levels of risk and consistent returns make mutual funds a very attractive money making scheme.


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