Wheat rust is one of the most annoying problems that farmers have to face when growing their crop. It affects different kinds of wheat and is more rampant during cold winter months. It is responsible for great losses that can amount to more than 15 percent. For this reason, this problem must be dealt with effectively to ensure that there is fair yield. The cause of the problem is a fungus. It infects leaves of the wheat plant. It manifests in discoloration. Wheat rust is mainly black or yellow. The good news is that there are several steps that farmers can take to ensure that their crop is safeguarded - free from rust.
Wheat rust develops by first forming patches that later affect a huge chunk of the crop. For this reason, farmers should never be caught unaware. Taking preventative or precautionary measures is better than damage control. One step to discourage formation of rust is crop rotation. This involves changing the planting patterns severally to ensure that infection is not carried from one yield to the next. This is a very important step that will not just safeguard your wheat but one that will provide good prospects without having to spend much.
Ensure that plants are not destroyed. They may start to develop throughout the perimeter of your field. Wheat rust can be caused by this. For this reason, take deliberate caution to enforce this. It is another inexpensive way to get rid of the fungal infections that can compromise the yield.
Another important thing when one seeks to treat wheat rust is choosing the right varieties. There are some seeds well known for their resistance qualities. Therefore, before making any purchases regarding wheat seeds get only those that have the ability to withstand the attack by rust. This step is not just friendly to the pocket but it is also generous to the environment.
If you catch wheat rust early, it is easier to treat it. The only sure way to catch the problem early enough is to make sure you keep a close eye at the crop. For this reason, one cannot escape monitoring for wheat rust. It is a sure method that sees to it that farmers are not caught by surprise.
One can treat the wheat rust using fungicides. However, it is good to be clear on the best product. On the market, there are those that are recommended most by experts. It is an effective way to maintain your crop for a better yield. How this fungicide is administered also matters. Good equipment to spray the crop is vital. When administering this kind of treatment, safety must come first. Use protective clothing in the farm for best practices.
Rust in wheat is not something new. Many farmers have been able to master the methods of tackling this problem. Above all, it is great to stay positive and not panic. Steps above will ensure that you sail through it with your head above the water.
Sources and Citations
QG - Primary Industries and Fisheries
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