There are many online sites that give highly detailed information about the various diseases cattle, the symptoms and latest treatment.
Few of the most common diseases that affect cattle are blackleg, bloat, lepto, vibriosis, cancer eye, BVD, and brucellosis.
Anaplasmosis is an infectious blood disease that is caused by the rickesttsial parasites. This diseases cattle that affects animals living in areas with tropical and subtropical climate is not contagious. It is transmitted through contaminated needles, instruments like castrating knives, dehorning equipment, etc and by flies, ticks and mosquitoes. Cattle suffering from this disease experience fever, uncoordinated movements, weight loss, abortion breathlessness and even death. Only cattle that are detected early are treated with tetracycline. Proper hygiene and sanitation procedures have to be followed to prevent the spread of the disease to other animals. The animals that recover can still spread the disease.
Anthrax is highly infectious of diseases cattle and affects even men. Caused by bacillus anthracis it leads to sudden death. Symptoms include fever, weakness, difficulty in breathing, excitement as well as depression and convulsions. There are also discharges of blood from body openings and edema on various parts of the body. Early diagnosis and treatment with penicillin can save few animals. The highly effective vaccinations help prevent outbreak of the disease.
The organism that causes Brucellosis causes various diseases cattle connected to the reproductive tract. It leads to abortions, infertility, weak calves. The disease is spread through vaginal discharge and bulls that are affected by this disease spread it via semen. The infected milk can cause fever in humans. Vaccination is a must as there is no treatment for this disease.
One of diseases cattle that cause substantial financial loss to cattle owners is calf scours. Also called calf diarrhea, this is a symptom and not a disease. The bowel discharge is highly frequent, foul smelling and white, grey, yellow and even blood stained. It causes dehydration and the loss of electrolytes can cause death. Antibiotic treatments, setting right the electrolyte imbalance, fluids to overcome dehydration and if needed intravenous fluids is effective treatment. Sufficient intake of colostrums by newborn calves reduces the chance of them getting affected by this disease.
Foot-and-Mouth Disease is highly communicable disease and cattle affected by this disease suffer from blisters on the nose, lips, teats, toes, tongue, and mouth. Foamy sticky saliva always hangs out of the mouth and the feet are always very tender. The cattle stop eating, have high fever, produce less milk and also become lame. As the disease spreads quickly the farms with affected cattle are quarantined and animals affected are also slaughtered and burnt. This disease has not been reported in the United States in over eight decades.
There are various external parasites like face flies, stable flies, horn flies, lice, ticks, and mites that cause various diseases cattle around the year. Insecticides are pored or sprayed on to get rid of these parasites.
Worms are internal parasites that cause heavy financial losses to cattle growers. Calves are more affected by worms as the older cattle develop immunity to these parasites. Regular de-worming is done to reduce contamination and higher conception rate.
Tips and comments
Sanitation, vaccination and precaution can help prevent diseases cattle.