The function of a colon in the human body is very vital. Its responsibility is to get rid of the many waste materials that come about due to the digestive process. It is therefore very important that we take care of the colon at all times so that we can avoid colonic diseases that will cause improper functioning of the bowels. If your stomach doesn’t function properly you can experience disastrous issues in the body. Being informed about the colonic diseases that may occur will keep you and able to maintain the health of your colon.
Colonic diseases are of different level. Some may be mild while the others may be life threatening. There are four main kinds of colonic diseases that include ulcerative colitis, non-cancerous polyps, crohn's diseases and diverticulitis.
Colonic diseases that are caused by polyps occur due to the abnormal growths of tissue that occur in the lining of the colon. They are normally not so serious but the problem is that they can develop cells that cause cancer in they are not detected earlier enough. Ordinary polyps are sporadically experienced by people in the age bracket of between forty to sixty years. If not treated they can develop to cancer within a period of ten years. They can however be removed with the help of colonoscopy.
The swelling of the mucosa characterizes ulcerative colitis. Mucosa is the deepest lining of the colon or the rectum. The small open sours that form on the lining produce pus mucus and blood and they are referred to us ulcers. A lot of people in America get this colonic disease at when they are still below the age of thirty years.
Ulcerative colitis mostly is accompanied by abdominal pains, constipation, bloating, fever, fatigue, rectal bleeding and weight loss. Anemia and malnutrition may also be experienced by patients who loose a lot of blood through the bleeding, and this should be taken care of very much if the patient is a child.
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Colonic diseases also come in form of pockets in the walls of the colon and the pockets are referred to as diverticular and the swelling itself is called diverticulitis. Colon complications worsen when infection reaches diverticular. This is because the pockets may burst and cause bowel blockage and even worse the leaking of the walls of the bowels. The other danger that follows is the bacteria that cause inflammations and tears that result to abscesses in the abdomen and they can lead to dire consequences. This type of colonic diseases it very tricky because no symptoms will show apart from constipation and mild cramps, the depth of the symptoms depend on how the disease has developed.
Enteritis or crohnn's disease is another of the various colonic diseases and it affects the digestive tract. It causes the colon to inflame as well as the other parts of the digestive tract. It is a recurring disease that should be countered when symptoms are detected. It is however hard to detect crohn's disease because it has similar symptoms to the other colonic diseases.
To know the about colonic diseases is vital so that one can keep his or her digestive system healthy.