The nutrition related diseases are those disorders encountered at humans but not only, and that caused in a direct or indirect way by the lack of some essential nutrients in the diet. In general the nutritional diseases are associated with the chronic malnutrition, but there are also other conditions, as the obesity for example, causing or contributing to various health problems. Possible nutrition related diseases are: the anxiety, liver disease, esophageal cancer, metabolic syndrome, obesity, iron deficiency, vitamin deficiency, etc.
The most common nutrition related diseases are the digestive problems. Constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, and the inflammatory bowel diseases are some of the most frequent treated conditions. These can also be the result of a food allergy, or to intolerance at some ingredients. There are now many diets that are addressed to a special category of consumers, as for example those with lactose intolerance, glucose or gluten intolerance. With the introduction of new ingredients, some persons can also develop various allergies. The hypoallergenic food that can be found on the market contains in fact proteins that were chopped artificially into smaller pieces, in order not to be recognized by the immune system. Any sign of a digestive problem should be monitored with attention, in other to prevent further complications. With the assistance of a specialized nutritionist, the digestive problems can be cured and prevented in the future.
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
When an organism is not receiving the necessary quantity of vitamins and minerals, various deficiencies can appear. In the Unites States, iron deficiency is one the most common nutritional deficiencies, and the main cause of anemia. This condition is often encountered when the diet does not contain enough products rich iron, to sustain the functioning of several organ systems. The lack of vitamin D is another deficiency quite often registered among nutrition related diseases. Vitamin D is very important for preventing and treating various conditions, as the hypertension, type 2 diabetes, or the multiple sclerosis. Vitamin D deficiency occurs when the diet does not include fish and fish oils, egg yolks and grain products. People affected by obesity are usually having a low blood level of Vitamin D.
Obesity is one of the main problems of our days, and another common condition from the nutrition related diseases. Te obesity can be caused by a diet rich in simple carbohydrates. The carbohydrates are increasing the glucose level from the blood, stimulating the pancreas to release more insulin, and this insulin is making the fat tissue grow. The frequency of eating is another factor that can lead to obesity. It is estimated that there is a relationship between these two, even if there are also situations of overweight people that are eating less that other people having a normal weight. Scientists are recommending a diet with often but small meals that can help stabilizing the blood sugar level and the cholesterol levels as well. Overweight persons are more exposed to heart diseases, diabetes and arthritis. The weight disorders can be prevented following a diet with high proteins and low-carbohydrates food.