The blood is a red liquid that has the role to transport substances around the body, wherever they are needed. such substances are the hormones, the oxygen and glucoses. Moreover, the blood also has the role to transport the wastes of the same substances to be eliminated by the body through sweat and urine. This is why the diseases of the blood are complicated, and such a disease will affect the whole state of health of the organism.
The diseases of the blood appear because the liquid can’t benefit of the respective substances. the specific proteins can be found in different percentages, and in order for the circulatory system to work, it is mandatory for those substances to be present. Considering those special proteins, people have different types of blood. The diseases of the blood are different from one group to the other. therefore, in order to prevent the diseases of the blood and to make sure the doctor always know what kind of treatment is better for you, it is necessary to know your own type of blood.
Another particularity of the blood is the RH. This is a special protein that can be present or absent from the blood. One of the most common diseases of the blood affects the fetus of pregnant women, and those types of problems appear when the RH of the mother is different from the RH of the child.
Usually, the majority of diseases of the blood are the effect of a genetic inheritance. Therefore, before putting any diagnose, the doctor would probably ask you if you had persons in your family that suffered from those diseases. You must also make a difference between the diseases of the blood and the disease that are transmitted with the blood. The main difference is that the diseases of the blood are usually not contagious.
If the blood disease appears because of genetic factors, the treatment is based on ameliorating the symptoms, the comfort and the stability of the patient, and also on improving the quality of life. For example, in case of hemophilia, the patient must follow a treatment with the purpose of increasing the coagulating capacity of the blood. If the disease is caused by external factors such as anemia, the doctor has to identify and treat the respective condition.
Besides the simple solutions used to treat the diseases of the blood, there are also the malign affections that are treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Those are extreme methods used to destroy the affected cells, but unfortunately, those methods will also destroy useful cells, and this is why those treatments are really painful.
The majority of blood diseases are diagnosed in time, as the symptoms will affect the patient visibly. In case of genetic diseases of the blood, the parents will have to solicit screening tests immediately after birth in order to confirm or infirm the presence of those diseases.
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Moreover, it is also possible for parents that suffer of diseases of the blood to solicit assisted reproduction, so the possibility of those diseases appearing for the child will be significantly reduced.