Diseases Diseases

Types Of Aorta Diseases And Their Symptoms

Introduction

The aorta diseases are usually manifested by a dilatation of the aorta on a limited portion. It is also called aneurism, and it might lead to arthrosclerosis.

The aorta diseases usually don’t have visible symptoms, and it can’t be detected with a simple X-Ray. When the dimension of this aneurism grows, the patient might feel pulsations at the level of the stomach. The most important risks of aorta diseases are hemorrhages and a rupture at the level of the aorta. If this condition is detected in time, it might be corrected with a surgical intervention.

History

The aorta diseases at the level of the stomach are less frequent, and they could have more causes. If the diameter of the aneurism is greater than 5 centimeters, a surgical intervention is recommended.

The walls of the aorta are made of 3 layers, from the interior to the exterior. They are called intima, medium and advenrice.

The aorta dissection is one of the aorta diseases that appear for patients suffering from HTA, or for people that already suffer from aorta aneurism. This dissection is manifested by a rupture of the intima from the other two layers, resulting in two ways for the blood to flow. The blood will enter the false way, and it will not reach the organs. This could lead to the decease of the patient, with a vascular accident. If the dissection of the aorta only affects the superior part of the aorta, than the medical treatment might be enough. The surgical treatment is reserved only for cases with digestive complications.

If the aorta diseases are manifested at the inferior part of the aorta, than a surgical intervention is recommended as soon as possible, in order to avoid further brain and cardiac problems. The diagnosis is made with a clinic exam, and the ultrasound exam. In some situations, several other investigations might be required.

Features

The Marfan syndrome is one of the aorta diseases that are inherited from ill parents. In this case, the tissue around the aorta has an abnormal look, with a low resistance. the conjunctive tissue that is mostly affected by this condition is a part of the structure of many organs, so the problem is severe.

The patients suffering from the Marfan syndrome are tall, with long arms, long and elastic fingers. The patients suffering from those aorta diseases could also suffer from eye problems. those aorta diseases are developed since early ages, and the aneurism must be removed as soon as possible. People suffering from the Marfan syndrome must remove the aneurism with a surgical intervention as soon as the aneurism reaches 45 millimeters. This is one of the most complex heart interventions, and it supposes the replacement of the aorta and other organs around it.

Tips and comments

No matter what kind of aorta diseases you might suffer from, it is important to realize the problem as soon as possible. Unfortunately, we are talking about complicated diseases, and you will have to find the best surgeon possible, and a professional clinic for recovery.

By Vlad Stanculescu, published at 04/02/2012
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