The uterus is a sex organ found in most most female mammals, including humans. Uterine diseases are where the usual workings or condition of the uterus are altered in a detrimental manner. These Uterine diseases each have individual causes, symptoms and treatment methods and in this article we will explore some of these.
Endometritis is characterized by the inflammation of the lining of the uterus. This type of uterine diseases manifests in a female due to an infection, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, or mixtures of normal vaginal bacteria. Additionally women who have experienced a miscarriage or childbirth, with a long labor or c-section will be more likely to develop this Uterine disease. The symptoms of this disease are as follows:
- Abdominal distention or swelling
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Discomfort with bowel movement i.e. constipation
- Fever (100 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit)
- General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
- Lower abdominal or pelvic pain (uterine pain)
The tests and procedures that you heath professional may carry out to determine if you have this type of Uterine diseases include:
- a physical exam
- a pelvic exam.
- Cultures from the cervix for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other organisms
- Endometrial biopsy
- ESR (sedimentation rate)
- WBC (white blood count)
- Wet prep (microscopic exam of any discharge)
The typical method of treatment performed for this disease is administration of Antibiotics. Actions that the patient can undertake are plenty of rest and ingestion of fluids.
The next type of uterine diseases we will explore is Cervical polyps, which are abnormal growths in the lower part of the uterus. The cause of these abnormal growths are not quite known but they are conjectured to be due to an increase in the levels of the female hormone, estrogen, a Chronic inflammation or Clogged blood vessels in the cervix. The symptoms of this disease are Abnormally heavy periods (menorrhagia), Abnormal vaginal bleeding in times when it is not excepted ie between periods, and White or yellow mucus. This disease is diagnosed by a pelvix examination, if a patient is inflected with this problem there will be smooth, red or purple, finger-like growths on the cervix.The polyps will have to be manually removed either with by a simple outpatient procedure or with electrocautery.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors present in a women's uterus. The actual cause of fibroids are unknown but they are quite a common occurrence in females, with around 1 in 5 women developing fibroids during their childbearing years. The position of the fibroids will determine there specific name:
- Myometrial -- in the muscle wall of the uterus
- Submucosal -- just under the surface of the uterine lining
- Subserosal -- just under the outside covering of the uterus
- Pendunculated -- occurring on a long stalk on the outside of the uterus or inside the cavity of the uterus.
The symptoms that a women may experience if they become inflected with uterine diseases are:
- Bleeding between periods
- Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia),
- Menstrual periods that may last longer than normal
- Need to urinate more often
- Pelvic cramping or pain with periods
- Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen
- Pain during intercourse
The routes that a heath professional may take to diagnosis this disorder are either a pelvic exam, an ultrasound, an endometrial biopsy or a laparoscopy. The treatment will largely depend on the patient's age, type of fibroids, severity of symptoms, the patients health, and whether or not they are pregnant or wish to have children in the future. Common treatment methods include:
- Birth control pills to help control heavy periods
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs) that release the hormone progestin to help reduce heavy bleeding and pain
- ibuprofen or naprosyn for cramps or pain
- Short-term hormonal therapy injections to help shrink the fibroids
Tips and comments
Many uterine diseases have no symptoms, thus it is important for women to be regularly checked by a health professional.