Immune system is built in protective system of human body and it fights against every foreign unrecognized invader by producing antibodies, biochemical hormones and immune complexes. In other words, when our body encounters a germ, its first line of defense is our immune system. Specialized cells and organs help your body recognize and respond to foreign invaders. Our immune system diseases even has its own circulatory system, called the lymphatic system and its parts are bone marrow, spleen, thymus gland and a chain of lymph nodes.
What are immune system diseases?
If our immune system cannot do its job, the results can be serious. Disorders of the immune system include Allergy - inappropriate immune responses to substances that are usually harmless, Graft-vs.-host disease - a life-threatening reaction in people receiving organ transplants, Immune deficiency diseases - disorders in which your resistance to disease becomes dangerously low, Autoimmune diseases - diseases causing your immune system to attack your own body's cells and tissues by mistake.
Explained immune system disease:
a) Immunodeficiency disorders:
These occur when the body's immune response is reduced or absent or known as immunosuppression. Acquired immunodeficiency may be a complication of diseases such as HIV infection and malnutrition (particularly with a lack of protein).The following conditions and diseases can result in an immunodeficiency disorder:
HIV/AIDS, Ataxia-telangiectasia, combined immunodeficiency disease, Complement deficiencies, Di-George syndrome, Job syndrome, Leukocyte adhesion defects, Congenital a-gamma-globulin-emic, Selective deficiency of IGA.
b) Autoimmune disease:
Autoimmune diseases arise from an inappropriate immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. Imagine our body as a city where the security persons are part of immune system therefore when this immune system starts killing its own harmless people resulting into catastrophic events.
Vacuities, Wagner’s Granulomatosis, Systemic lupus erythematous, Ulcerative colitis, thrombocytopenia, Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, Polio, Myasthenia gravis, Mixed connective tissue disease, Grave’s disease, Glomerulonephritis,Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Polychondritis, uveitis, Ankylosing spondylitis, ADEM and a lot more.
How to look for immune system diseases:
Symptoms that often occur with immune system diseases include:Fatigue, Fever, Generalized ill-feeling (malaise) AND deficiency symptoms are Alopecia (Hair Loss), Gum Disease, Skin Disorders (e.g. Warts, Acne, and Eczema), Cold Sores, Diarrhea, Ear Infections.
Tests that may be done to diagnose immune system diseases:
1. Antinuclear antibody tests
2. Autoantibody tests
4. C-reactive protein (CRP)
5. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Treatment of immune system diseases:
A) Certain herbal and homeopathic remedies have been used as support for immune deficiency treatment for thousands of years, with great effect. Goal is to support and strengthen the immune system mainly done by bone marrow transplantation, improved diet and providing supportive treatment. Opportunistic infections are treated and more often prevented by treatment and regular checkups.
B) Goals are: To Reduce symptoms, to control the autoimmune process, to maintain the body's ability to fight disease. And so treatments used depends on the specific disease and your symptoms.Some patients may need supplements to replace a hormone or vitamin that the body is lacking. Examples include thyroid supplements, vitamins such as B12, or insulin injections. If the autoimmune disorder affects the blood, you may need blood transfusions.People with autoimmune disorders that affect the bones, joints, or muscles may need help with movement or other functions.Medicines are often prescribed to control or reduce the immune system's response. They are often called immunosuppressive medicines. Such medicines may include corticosteroids (such as prednisone) and non-steroid drugs such as azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, Mycophenolate, sirolimus, or Tacrolimus.