The term venereal refers to the diseases acquired sexually and were previously known as sexually transmitted disease. Now, Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases occurring worldwide therefore generally called as STIs (sexually transmitted infections). More than 20 STDs have been identified. They are more common in men than women. They are more prevalent among teenagers and young adults. Nearly two-thirds of all STDs occur in people younger than 25, mainly because of their active sexual life.
The incidence of STDs is on rise because of frequent use of spermicidal gel and various intra uterine contraceptive devices. Promiscuous behavior, late marriage, increased divorce trends leading to multiple sex partners and change in sexual behavior are more likely to result in STDs.
What are venereal warts?
Genital warts also called venereal warts, anal warts and genital warts are highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by some sub-types of human papillomavirus (HPV). It is spread through skin-to-skin contact during oral, genital, or anal sex with the person infected. HPV 6 and 11 is most commonly involved. Venereal warts often occur in clusters and can be very tiny or can spread into large masses in the genital or penis area, 14 and 19 are also presented.
Causes of venereal warts:
As discussed above, the warts are also part of STD’s so they have same mode of causation and leads to the appearance of cutaneous lesion caused by HPV and even can be seen in a newborn of infected mother, that’s a cause of infection too. Other causes include having multiple sexual partners; one’s started having sex too early, not using condoms or otherwise having unprotected sex. Homosexuality is another highly rising indication of venereal warts. Common warts are not the same as genital warts and are caused by different HPV types that only infect the skin. HPV 16, 18, 31 and 45 are of high risk type in women which can cause further more complications in them.
How to avoid venereal diseases:
Ideally, the best way to prevent venereal diseases is to avoid sexual contact but it’s practically impossible. By having a mutually monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner, one can avoid HPV and other STDs. Correctly using a male condom and that too on a regular basis. Prevent and control other venereal diseases to decrease your susceptibility to HIV infection and to reduce your infectiousness if you are HIV-infected. Delay having sexual relations as long as possible. Younger people, when having sex for the first time are prone to STDs, the more susceptible they become to develop and spread a venereal disease. The risk of getting an STD increases with the number of partners throughout a lifetime.
Tips and comments
Anyone who is sexually active should; get regular checkups for venereal diseases even in the absence of symptoms, especially after having sex with a new unknown partner. Learn common symptoms of STIs. Seek medical help immediately if any suspicion develops. Avoid having sex during menstruating period. HIV-infected women are more infectious and HIV-uninfected women are more susceptible of becoming infected during the time. Anyone diagnosed having a venereal disease should be told to be treated and reduce the risk of transmitting a venereal disease to an infant. Get information about possible risk of transmission in breast milk and whether use commercial formula. Notify all recent sex partners and urge to get them checked up for the presence of venereal warts. Follow your doctor orders and complete their full course of medication prescribed. A follow-up test to ensure that the infection has been cured is often an important step in treatment. Avoid all sexual activity while being treated for venereal warts.