Dental diseases affect the teeth and the gums along with other tissues of your mouth. A toothache is just a minor issue, there are many other serious tooth problems such as the inability to chew, smile or speak properly. It can either be a simple case of gingivitis or a fatal disease such as an oral cancer. The most common form of dental disease is a cavity, periodontitis, gingivitis or dental caries. To prevent these diseases one must complete oral hygiene daily and visit a dentist every 6 months to catch any budding dental diseases if any.
Starting off with the simplest dental diseases that is gingivitis, it is a periodontal disease which is caused by bacterial biofilms which is also known as plaque. The plaque gets accumulated on the tooth surfaces and is a very common dental problem. If it is not treated properly it may turn into periodontitis which is unlike gingivitis a destructive disease. The symptoms of gingivitis are swollen gums, purple gums, tender gums or bleeding gums. The accumulation of plaque can also cause an unpleasant odor and the gums starts to bleed even through gentle brushing especially after flossing. The major cause of this is plaque as mentioned before; plaque accumulates due to inadequate brushing and oral hygiene. People with a history of gingivitis must take care of their teeth through regular brushing and oral rinsing along with flossing, the more you try to avoid plaque the better your condition will become.
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Cavities re another form of dental diseases which is also known as tooth decay. This is irreversible and is caused by bacteria which demineralize the hard tissues and the enamel, dentin and cementum of the tooth starts to decay. It is caused by accumulation of food on the tooth surface. It is also caused by acid producing bacteria such as sucrose, fructose and glucose. This is the reason why dentists do not recommend a lot of sweet products because they can cause the demineralization of the tooth. Other dental diseases is the tooth abscess which is caused by the immune system trying to prevent an infection from spreading to other areas of the body. Abscess is an accumulation of pus in small spaces because of which they become unable to drain. The more the pressure increases the more painful the condition becomes. The more the condition worsens the face starts to become swollen and can become even more painful. The only way to prevent these dental issues is to take care of your oral hygiene by regularly brushing your teeth with a good fluoride toothpaste and a good mouthwash, along with this one must change his toothbrush after every 3 months because bacteria starts to develop on the bristles of your toothbrush therefore it is better to change your toothbrush. Try to avoid foods that can increase the risk of dental problems such as foods high in sucrose and fructose. If you follow these simple tips you will definitely never face any major dental problem and will always have healthy teeth.