General causes of notifiable diseases
Notifiable Diseases are diseases that are entailed by law to be informed to the government officials. Provided with this info, health authorities are able to scrutinize the disease, and effectively can deliver timely cautioning of probable outbreaks of these diseases. Notifiable diseases informed at the right time assists people to have ideal vaccination. Some major examples of notifiable diseases are cholera, diphtheria, HIV, typhoid etc. The prevalent causes for diseases notifiable to government are atmospheric pollution. Microorganisms that are responsible for illness are there present in air, soil, drinking water and in almost all objects that we came into contact. Some of these germs get into our body through cuts or wounds. Coughing deeply is one of the general causes of spreading of germs.
Causes within our body
Diseases Notifiable to authorities also emerges as symptoms of inflammatory responses of white blood cells. Antibodies produced by our immune system shows responsive symptom when they act against microbes. If disease causing pathogens are too virulent then our immune system get defeated and resulted in outbreak of diseases. Normally bacteria termed as resident flora plays important role in expelling or destroying disease cause germs. But they can be weakened by external agents and thus resulted in illness.
Pathogenic causes of notifiable diseases
The major causes of diseases notifiable to medical authorities are viruses, fungi, bacteria and disease causing parasites. Bacteria are capable of releasing toxins whereas viruses can attack cells by preventing them from performing their natural duties. These microbes multiply very fast leading to malfunctioning of vital organs such as liver and heart. The microorganisms that trigger infections will spread through external means such as water, air and fodder. It may be also a result of interaction with a diseased person's plasma, skin, or secretion or in some case due to sexual relation. Bacterial infections are generally limited to specific body parts and the disease can be cured by antibacterial medicines such as antibiotics. Viral infections are mostly universal and may result in fever, runny nose, stinging throat, headache, muscle and joint aches etc.
Causes for notifiable disease such as chickenpox and cholera
Chickenpox is an extremely transmissible diseases notifiable to related persons as pathogens responsible for the disease is airborne. It is primarily caused by the infection of virus termed as Varicella zoster virus. The disease is characterized by small ballooned skin rashes. It turned to raw blemishes and itchy inflammations and will heal leaving a mild scar.
Cholera is a critical disease, which affects the small intestine. The chief cause of the disease is bacteria known as bacterium Vibrio cholera. The chief symptoms are diarrhea and vomiting. The transmission of disease takes place chiefly by contaminated source of food and drinking water. The pathogens are usually got into food from faeces. The disease can be prevented by following hygienic habits.
Cleaning and shielding of wounds in the right manner and using antibacterial disinfectants is the best safety measures to protect from germs enter through wounds. Immunization is the safest way to keep away diseases notifiable in humans such as cholera, chicken pox, measles, typhoid, yellow fever etc. Hygienic habits such as washing hands frequently, cooking foods in appropriate manner and be apart from unsecure sex are safety measures that can cut down the probability of notifiable diseases