As the world enters into a new era of development and prosperity, its social responsibility increases as well- this means that technological development has the biggest liability of curing all sorts of diseases; those that have existed since historical times, those that are being caused complementary to development and even those that are expected to be affecting the human race in the near future. A human disease is anything that affects a person’s body adversely, either externally or internally. The last thing that anyone would want to happen to him/her is to fall sick and be unable to pursue with his/her career plans due to any kind of a human disease, however meager it may be.
A human disease can impact a person’s immune system, the cardiac system, the system of the brain, the skin, the digestive system as well as the respiratory system. Several types of diseases have been diagnosed among people with every passing year. There are some diseases that are viral and are caused by bacterial infections. These may not prove to be very hazardous to an individual’s life. On the contrary, there remain some diseases that, if not treated on time and appropriately, can be life threatening not only for the patient for himself but even for those around him. An example of a disease that is transmitted to people around the infected person is influenza- a common viral infection which, however, is not very dangerous.
Diseases also vary according to geographical vicinities. For example, Cholera is rampant in the African countries because of the impurities and the lack of filtration facilities of the water. Moreover, the deteriorating sanitation facilities give a boost to such problems. It is a problem related to the intestines of a person and is mostly preceded with diarrhea. Another one of the most common diseases nowadays in Africa and Asia is the Dengue fever. This basically results in a huge drop in the platelet count of the patient and in extreme cases it might also result in internal bleeding. Its symptoms include high fever, muscle and joint pains, severe lethargy, headaches and rashes. Furthermore, Hepatitis A is a human disease related to the liver. Most of the times this disease is a result of jaundice and has similar symptoms as jaundice which include dark urine, vomiting and fever. Hepatitis B is perhaps the most common disease nowadays. This results in an inflammation of the patient’s liver and has identical symptoms as those of Hepatitis A in addition to nausea. Although very common, it is also one of the most dangerous diseases as it can entail liver cancer in later years if not treated aptly. Tuberculosis is a disease that is on the rise nowadays. It mostly affects the patient’s lungs and can even cause bleeding in the cough. Also, its symptoms also include midnight chills and high fevers and extreme fatigue coupled with unexplained weight loss.
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Therefore, it is imperative that one acquaints oneself with the most common human disease so that one can take early precautions and not be affected by these life threatening diseases. As the saying goes- “care is better than cure”.