Diseases Diseases

The 10 Most Infective Diseases

Introduction

In most of the developing countries, there is an accelerating rate of various sorts of infective diseases. It is therefore becoming imperative to create widespread knowledge about these diseases so that people can avoid them and lead healthier and more prosperous lives. In the great majority of these infective diseases, the patients’ immune systems are adversely affected and they become more vulnerable to many other forms of infections and diseases. In many cases, if the diseases are not cared for properly they might end up taking a person’s life. Therefore, measures should be taken to curtail the rampant spread of these infections.

Step 1

Firstly, a very disturbing infective disease is typhoid fever. Although, in many instances, one may fail to diagnose a fever to be relevant to typhoid. If a timely cure is not provided for this fever, it may cause lethal infections that may lead to death as well. The disease is mostly spread by the bacteria and dirt in the water that transmits to the bloodstream of a person. Considered to be a childhood disease, measles also affects children whereby infective organisms enter their bodies which results in rashes and diarrhea. Extreme cases can lead to pneumonia.

Step 2

A second common infective disease is malaria. It spreads by the bite of a female mosquito that sucks blood out of a person, depositing remnants of its bacteria as it does so. Symptoms of malaria include severe headaches and extreme lethargy followed by high degrees of fever. This again is spread from dingy areas which are seldom cleaned. More common during the hot weather in Asia, hepatitis is a disease that is increasing nowadays. It is characterized by a bad digestive system which is effective because of the infective bacteria that enter the liver of a person and then interfere with the digestive process.

Step 3

Thirdly, a most common disease that has spread all across Asia is that of dengue. It is also a consequence of a mosquito bite and results in extreme pain in the muscles, high fever, dropping of the platelet count and in minimal levels of white blood cells which hinder a person’s immunity to other, more infective diseases. In extreme cases, dengue may result in internal bleeding and will harm the internal system of a person, leading to death.

Step 4

Perhaps an infective disease that can be considered to be most fatal is pneumonia. It often attacks babies, and if not taken care of in time, results in the expiration of the child. It is featured by diarrhea, high fever, and nausea and a weakening of the immune system. The bacteria that cause pneumonia can be left residing in a person’s body for many years. Furthermore, influenza is infective yet uncurable because it is more of a viral infection that takes its time to go away. It may cause headaches and lethargy, but if the patient does not relax and take care, it can aggravate within days.

Step 5

Another disease commonly found is chlorea. It is spread through contaminated water, and a great majority in the developing nations suffers from this disease due to lack of hygiene. The infective organisms develop in the dirty vicinities. Another dangerous disease is tuberculosis. It is estimated to have taken the lives of about two million people a year. It is an infective disease that consists of bacteria that attacks a person’s lungs which then create breathing problems coupled with severe coughing as well as blood in the cough.

Tips

Henceforth, a basic know-how of infective diseases is important for all families in order to ensure a protective shell for their children and themselves and also so that they can acquaint their friends and relatives about the symptoms and hazards of these infective diseases.

Sources and Citations

http://www.medicinenet.com/infectious_disease/focus.htm

By Sidra Rana, published at 02/27/2012
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