Human urinary system consists of kidney, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Any kind of ailment involving these structures comes under the heading of urinary disease. These can be due to congenital or acquired reasons, later including infections, stone, trauma, rupture, and tumor etc. so specifically talking, if you want to know what could possibly go wrong with the urinary system, you are right at your target article. Upcoming discussion will help you know about the commonly occurring diseases of urinary tract infection.
Causes of urinary diseases;
Usually bacteria begin growing in the urethra. An infection limited to the urethra is called urethritis. From there bacteria move on to the bladder, causing a bladder infection (cystitis). If the infection is not treated properly, bacteria may then ascend through ureters to infect the kidneys (pyelonephritis). Changing sexual partners or begins having sexual intercourse more frequently may cause bladder or urinary tract infections more often. Although it is rare, some women get a urinary tract infection every time they have sex.Allergy is postulated to sometimes affect bladder wall mucosa and result in inflammation. Certain medical conditions or diseases can make a person prone to UTIs, for example in Diabetics. Similarly, woman who are pregnant or have gestational diabetes, have been known to experience frequent UTIs. In men, an enlarged prostate may lead to UTIs.Constant trauma due to instrumentationor a parasite infestation is known to be associated with urinary bladder carcinoma. Kidney stones may result due to specific diet, calcium & phosphate excretion or metabolic derangement, or may be due to passage of urine. Urinary incontinenceoccurs due to a non-functioning valve or due to any other lesion of urinary tract. Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidney. It is generally caused by a bacterial infection elsewhere in the body, mostly in the throat or skin. Various glomeruli-nephropathies results because of deposition of immune complex on GBM membrane. Kidney cancer is fairly common in adults and children. Polycystic kidney disease is newly emerging pathology that usually results in renal failure because of genetic mutations in specific genes.
Regarding urinary diseases, it is known that infections are more common in women than man. The very common usually presenting symptoms of urinary diseases are;
* Pain or a burning sensation when urinating (doctors refer to this as dysuria)
* a need to urinate often
* Persistent pain in lower abdomen
* a fever that don’t go away
* a muscle ache or listlessness (excluding other causes)
* nausea and vomiting
* central nervous system problems, (confusion & headache)
Tips and comments
Biochemical analysis of blood urea nitrogen, proteinuria, and other parameters help diagnosis.
How to prevent urinary diseases?
- By Eating, Diet, and Nutrition: drink lots of fluids and eat fresh green vegetables.
- Urination Habits: By urinating every time it urges, urinate after sex.
- Clothing: By wearing cotton undergarments that led air to flow through.
- Birth Control: Using older methods enhances power of bacteria to grow, so it is recommended to use more recent ways of birth control.
Options for getting diagnosis & treatment of urinary diseases:
KUB x-ray, Kidney ultrasound, cysto-urethrogram, cystoscopy, CT-scan, MRI scan, urodynamic. Kidney dialysis and kidney transplants are done in large number of patients for the treatment of extensive renal diseases.
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