A share is a unit of ownership that represents an equal proportion of a company’s capital. It entitles its holder (the shareholders) to an equal claim on the company's profits and an equal obligation for the company's debts and losses. There are normally two types of shares i.e. the ordinary shares, also called common stock, giving the respective shareholders the right to vote in the company’s meetings. It also entitles the shareholder to share in the earnings of the company as the profits start coming. There is another kind of stock called preferred stocks. In this the holder is not given any right to vote in the company’s meeting rather entitling him to a fixed periodic income called interest.
The market share price can be defined as the fair market value of the share i.e. the price each share of a particular company that it would be able to fetch if allowed to be sold in the open stocks and shares market. The stock market can be both lucrative and risky to invest in at the same time. It may seem to be an intriguing environment to make money in.
The shares of different companies can be sold at different prices like some are being sold at par, some at premium and even some low-going companies have their share prices as at discount. The shares being sold at par means that the share price in the market is equal to its face value.
The shares at premium refer to the sale of shares at a price higher than its face value and the company earning some profit while its shares are being publically subscribed, whereas conversely the shares being sold at discount have their market share prices lower than the face value of the shares.
For instance, companies having some of the worlds highest per share price include the Apple company having its share price hitting $600 per share, whereas the two companies breaking its record of $559 billion are General Electric and Microsoft.
Moreover LinkedIn, on the day of the IPO, has the share price climbed from $45 to a peak of $122.70 and settled at $94.2, For Google, the IPO set the share price at $85, however, the price is now around $580. Similarly, Face book and many other companies are there to have an extremely high quoted share prices in the market these days.
Today, the stock and share prices of market places have a very influential role in world’s economies. It is therefore impossible of not hearing anything about the stock markets wherever one goes. Newspapers both online and printed are loaded with different share price and current stock prices. When there is a slight change in any of the stock markets the news can be the first avenue to be reported and one can follow the daily movements of share prices and the changes.
A stock market is a place, whether physical or virtual, where people whether sellers or buyers, can come to trade stocks and shares prices with each other. It is therefore advised to consult the financial or the stock broker and make sure that the person is qualified enough to give the advice about the current and future prospects of share prices in the stock market.
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