Diseases Diseases

Brief overview of chlamydia diseases

Introduction

Chlamydia diseases are classified as well-known infections that are spread via sexual intercourse and have been labeled a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

History

The Chlamydia diseases is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during a vaginal childbirth. The symptoms of Chlamydia diseases will depend on whether you are female or male. 

Males typically experience the following symptoms:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Discharge from the penis or rectum
  • Testicular tenderness or pain
  • Rectal discharge or pain

Female common symptoms:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Rectal pain or discharge
  • Symptoms of PID, salpingitis, liver inflammation similar to hepatitis
  • Vaginal discharge

The most common method of treatment for genital Chlamydia is in the form of antibiotics, including tetracyclines, azithromycin, or erythromycin.

Features

Chlamydia does not just infect the genital region; different strains of the chlamydia diseases can cause eye, lymph node, and respiratory infections.

Conjunctivitis, the infection of the membrane lining the eyelids, can be caused by the Chlamydia diseases. The symptoms of this eye infection are blurred vision, Crusts that form on the eyelid overnight, Eye pain, Gritty feeling in the eyes, Increased tearing, Itching of the eye, Redness in the eyes and Sensitivity to light. The treatment is normally in the form of antibiotic eye drops.

Another disorder that can be caused by the Chlamydia diseases is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or salpingitis. This disease is the infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs and is caused by the transfer of bacteria from the vagina or cervix into the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or pelvis. The accompanying symptoms that typical women will experience are lower abdominal pain, fever, unusual vaginal discharge, chills, fatigue, and lack of appetite, nausea, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual bleeding, and pain in the right upper abdomen.

A disorder that can affect men due to the Chlamydia diseases is Epididymitis, the inflammation of the tube that connects the testicle with the vas deferens. This condition is typical in men ages 19 - 35 and is most commonly caused by gonorrhea and chlamydia.

The symptoms of these diseases are:

low-grade fever,chills,heavy sensation in the testicle area,Blood in the semen,Discharge from the urethraDiscomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvis,Fever,Groin pain,Lump in the testicle,Pain during ejaculation,Pain or burning during urination,Painful scrotal swelling,Tender, swollen groin area on affected sideTesticle pain that gets worse during a bowel movement.

The treatment methods for these chlamydia diseases are specific antibiotics, pain medications and anti-inflammatory medications, and ice packs to the infected area to relive pain.

Tips and comments

Some times symptoms are not experienced at all. Thus all sexually active women up through age 25 should have an annual screening for the disease.  

With a Sexually Transmitted disease both the infected and the sexual partners should be treated. 

To prevent the formation of Chlamydia diseases proper care should be taken when engaging in sexual activity ie wear a condom. 

By Athena Rhodes, published at 03/31/2012
   Rating: 4/5 (11 votes)
Brief overview of chlamydia diseases. 4 of 5 based on 11 votes.

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