Health Sickness

How To Diagnose the Sickness

Published at 02/13/2012 21:17:57


The sickness is defined as the departure from being in a complete state of health. It includes the aspects related to psychological and physical aspects of body functions. The sickness is the problem in one’s life. It’s a dynamic problem with many sides, such as the acute, chronic, and sub-acute side of appearances of health decline. The sickness is a daily life issue around us; various kinds of diseases confront human health throughout the day. Infectious diseases, physical trauma and mental illness show various aspects of the sickness in terms of its recognition and treatment. Both diagnostic and prognostic issues of the sickness state are of concern to both the patient and the healer.

Step 1

The sickness can be broadly divided into two categories as congenital (those present at birth) and acquired (those that follow through in life). The sicknesses acquired are infections, trauma, metabolic, tumors, physical and malfunctioning organs. The point of diagnosis means getting to know the disease by its specific traits of appearance.

Step 2

Symptoms of the sickness:
Symptoms are defined as the appearance of effects of the deranged physiology of the body due to the presence of the sickness. Symptoms clinically are those signs in which the patient is aware of and has known findings, thus recognizing the sickness. Fever is a symptom the patient notices as lethargy, warm body or sweating. Some people check for fever with a thermometer. If found, a doctor is notified. Other symptoms are rash appearance, abnormal bleeding, pimples, abnormal growth, abnormal shape of nails, tooth decay, watering from eyes, and pain in joints, stiff muscles, discharging or static pus.

Step 3

Signs of the sickness:
Signs are clinically known appearance of the sickness. It cannot be judged by everyone. These are the traits of the sickness observed by a doctor. These are specific and help in differentiating the sickness from other forms of sickness. It’s a matter of experience and knowledge to figure them out. The first major step is to diagnose the sickness, clinically. Different signs of the sickness are, in case of fever, it’s range or upper limit, its diurnal variation, duration and association. In case of a rash, look for its kind, its appearance day and rate, its way of being spread, its disappearance and its association with itching and pain. In case of abnormal bleeding, look for its amount, blood’s color, its site, and history of any previous illness associated. In case of watery eyes, look for its association with the season and with any other present illness. Pus means bacterial infection. Doctors get it tested to diagnose the sickness. Pain in joints show variation with appearance in the morning or after work. Pain in joints is also known to be associated with renal disease.

Step 4

Investigate the sickness:
To confirm the sickness, look for how it interrelates with other problems existing and with environmental problems. The tests done to strengthen the diagnosis are called investigations. A working diagnosis is further clarified by imaging studies, laboratory tests, biochemical analysis, tumor marker studies and biological assay studies. Stress tests are done, and test reports are co-related with the provisional diagnosis. It is then decided what the final diagnosis is. Investigations are really a dynamic success in diagnosing the sickness.

Step 5

Confirm the sickness:
Family history, symptoms, signs, environmental condition, social history, and type of etiology of the sickness are the factors to confirm the reason for the problem. All sides of diagnosing the sickness are considered, and then a final diagnosis is made. This is the working health care system.

Step 6