Our eyes are vital organs of the body. The eyes are made up of the iris, pupil, cornea, lens, retina, and the optic nerve. Each of these parts is essential if we are going to see properly. However, a lot of people hardly pay attention to the eyes and do not get their annual physical checkups until there are already diseases of eye present. Prevention is better which is why it is encouraged to pay attention to any symptoms and signs of distress on the eyes that could indicate diseases of eye.
While a lot of diseases of eye can be self-treated by using over the counter medications such as eye drops to relieve dryness, watching out for unusual signs and symptoms is also a good strategy to safeguard your eyes. To ensure that proper diagnosis is done. It is best to do an annual check up of your eyes where the physical condition of the eyes are examined as well as the pressure. In addition, there are also preventive measures that you can do to protect the eyes such as wearing protective glasses when working with machines to prevent eye injuries, using sunglasses for the UV rays, and practicing good hygiene to avoid contamination of infectious diseases of eye.
Here are some diseases of eye that you should be aware of:
It is a common diseases of eye usually affecting people older than 40 years. It occurs because of damage to the nerve optic leading to progressive but irreversible vision loss. Treatment of the condition is lifelong by decreasing eye pressure, draining fluids, use of eye drops, and surgery.
This is a condition where loss of vision progressively develops by clouding the lens of the eyes. It is painless and affects older people. There is no apparent cause although injury to the eye and prolonged use of corticosteroids, x-rays, and presence of inflammatory diseases of eye are possible culprits. Treatment includes wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses to improve vision or surgery.
A preventable diseases of eye, trachoma is a prolonged infection of the conjunctiva and affects both eyes. Inflammation of the eyes, liquid excretions, sensitivity to bright light, and irritation are common symptoms. The use of antibiotics is the best way of treating trachoma as well as practicing good hygiene because it is an infectious disease.
- Pink Eye (Bacterial Conjunctivitis)
Redness, irritation, watery discharge, and sensitivity to light are symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis. It is infectious and can be passed by touching an infected person’s things. It goes away on its own although a doctor might give corticosteroid drops.
It is another diseases of eye which is an acute infection of the eyelid glands. It is caused by a staphylococcal infection with an abscess releasing small amounts of pus. It lasts 2-3 days.
Blepharitis is the swelling or inflammation of the eyelids and may be accompanies by crusts and scales. It is an uncomfortable sensation with the feeling that some particles are inside the eye. Itching and a burning sensation are some of the related symptoms as well as sensitivity to bright light. Keeping a good hygiene plus topical antibiotics help relieve the symptoms.
Chazalion can be first mistaken as a stye as the symptoms are similar, swollen eyelids, pain, and irritation. In fact, it is the enlargement of a gland in the eyelid that produces oil obstructing the opening of the eyelid. Some of these symptoms disappear after a few days followed by a painless swelling. If the inflammation is not controlled, the swelling may affect vision. If symptoms persist, a doctor can give corticosteroid or drain the fluid from the swollen area.
Other diseases of eye include eye allergies, corneal ulcer, strabismus (cross eyes), far sightedness, and near sightedness.
Tips and comments
The eyes are very delicate. Under no circumstances should you administer antibiotics and ointment without proper medical prescription. Even use of prescription free medications should be approached with caution by asking your local pharmacist if these products are safe for the symptoms you are experiencing.
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