Sexually Transmitted Disease
Sex diseases are commonly known as sexually transmitted diseases and are popularly known as STDs. Its older term was venereal disease or VD.
As it is clearly pointed out by the name, sexually transmitted diseases are caused by physical contact between two individuals. The sexual contact causing the sex diseases includes oral sex, anal sex and vaginal infection.
Some of the common sex diseases are; HIV/AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, vaginitis, herpes, genital warts and Chlamydia.
But the most considered deadliest amongst these sexual diseases is HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS: The Deadliest STD
The disease that is widely known all over the world because of how it affects the infected individual is known as AIDS.
AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that is deadly as it impacts the body’s ability to defend itself. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome that is caused by HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. AIDS is a disease where HIV makes an infected person’s immune system very weak. As a result of a weaker immune system, the patient becomes susceptible to a variety of external infections and internal excrescencies. The virus destroys the white blood cells and collapses the immunity of the body which eventually leads to death.
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
Some infected people may experience symptoms of HIV as soon as they become infected with the virus, while others do not. The early signs of HIV are often mistaken for the flu or a mild viral infection. Initial signs include: fever, nausea, tiredness, diarrhea, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, groin or armpits.
Later signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS and may be signs of late-stage HIV infection are rapid weight loss, memory loss, depression and other neurological abnormalities, unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, nose or eyelids. The primary effect of HIV in an individual is a partial or complete loss of immunity, which opens doors to developing multiple diseases and infections. These infection agents could be all kinds of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.
HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Treatment
It is known that HIV/AIDS are transmitted when sharing needles to inject drugs or for any other reason, through blood transfusion and most especially through sexual intercourse with a person infected. A mother with HIV and carries a baby in her womb may most likely give it to her child.
Currently there is still no known cure for AIDS, which is why campaigns are widely spread to ignite the masses awareness about this deadliest sexual disease. On the other hand, if the individual is already an HIV positive, there are ways wherein the problems can be managed. An antiretroviral treatment is a procedure that is extremely expensive and is only available in specific countries. This procedure does not cure the disease but it slows down the spread of the virus and prolongs the life of the infected.
Poor prevention and lack of knowledge about this disease are the culprits that lead to death amongst people. Having said that, everyone must know that awareness and proper prevention are the key in fighting this disease. People should know the basics in preventing the acquisition and spread of HIV/AIDS such as:
• Avoiding unprotected sex. Always use contraceptive such as condoms to protect yourself.
• Avoid multiple sex partners.
• If in doubt, get yourself tested to reduce the risk transmission especially if you are sexually active. It’s a must that you undergo HIV screening at least once a year.
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