Introduction to Bone Diseasea
Bone diseases are considered any illnessness that involves the skeletal system. A baby has about 300 bones at birth, but the adult has 206 bones. Symptoms of bone disease vary but basically include frequent breaking of a bone, difficulty in walking, dental problems, hearing loss, and headaches. It can be a very serious and requires extremely prompt treatment. There are many types of bone diseases and the most common affect either children or adults and these include osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Rickets/Osteomalacia, Paget’s disease and bone caner.
Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis are Bone Diseases
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects millions of people around the world. Women are more affected than men and usually starts around the age of 40. It is called the wear-and-tear of arthritis and occurs when the cartilage at the ends of your bones can wear down, as you get older. It can affect any joint, the hands, neck, back, knees, and hips are mostly attested. Symptoms develop slowly and get worse as you get older. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, stiffness, immovable joints, and a grating sensation when using the joint. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but treatment can slow down the development of the disease, lessen pain, and increase joint movement. Treatment might include exercise, diet, rest, pain relief, therapy and or surgery.
Osteoporosis is a common bone disease, which affects millions of Americans. Osteoporosis is defined by a steady loss of bone density and affects most of the human skeleton. Older women after menopause stops producing a bone-protecting hormone called estrogen, which makes postmenopausal women at risk for Osteoporosis. Bone diseases causes bones to weaken and fracture easily and affects the hips, wrists and spinal bones.
Rickets/Osteomalacia Bone Disease
Rickets is an abnormal bone development in children that result from loss of calcium in a bone. Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children and occurs from loss of vitamin D, which you get from sunshine, egg yolks, and diary products. Osteomalacia is the adult form of Rickets. Bone diseases are common in poorly nourished women who have had multiple pregnancies and caused by the inability of bone cells to harden.
Paget's Diseases/Bone Cancer
Paget’s disease is classified as inflammation in the bone. Bone diseases causes the bones to become enlarged and soft, which weakens them. Causing the bones to break. A person can have Paget’s disease in any bone in the body, but the main bones that are affected include the femur, pelvis, legs, and skull. Paget’s disease affects older men over 40 than women. Most people do not know they have Paget’s disease because their symptoms are mild and therefore do not seek treatment. Main symptoms included pain, enlarged bones, broken bones, and damage to cartilage in joints. Paget’s may run in families, or caused by a virus. Treatment might include medications, diet, exercise, and possible surgery.
Bone cancer can begin in any bone in the body, but it mostly affects the long bones in the arms and legs. Bone cancer can affects children, teens, and adults. It is classified as to whether the cancer has started in the bone (primary or whether it spread from another location to a bone (secondary). Bone diseases of bone cancer symptoms include persistent bone pain, swelling and tenderness in the affected area, broken bone, tiredness, and casual weight loss.
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