Almost everyone has known the horror of waking up to see a glaring red zit. Acne, as everyone knows, is the most common skin disease, today. It can make an unwelcomed appearance anytime between the cradle and the grave. From children to teenagers to adults to the senior citizens, everyone must have had a first-hand experience as to what this skin disorder holds for them. The younger girls are scared to go out if pimples appear on their face while the older men feel self-disgusted. Basically, acne is a skin disorder that causes pimples when the passageway that connects the skin’s pore to the sebaceous (oil) glands within the skin, gets clogged. These pimples appear mainly on the face, neck, back, shoulders and chest. There are various types of acne; it is better to know what type one has before working on its treatment. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most common forms of acne and the names give a fair enough description about their appearance. Papules are inflamed, red bumps and it, surely, is not a good idea to pop them! A very famous myth states: popping pimples means getting rid of them. Are you sure? What about the scarring that results after you pop your pimples? It’s a clear exchange: pimple for scar; so it is better to wait for the pimple to heal itself instead of scarring yourself. Another myth goes like this: getting a tan removes acne. No, fellows! Research says that getting a tan is not linked with the treatment of acne AT ALL!
Another skin disease, especially common in the States, is Skin Cancer. The symptoms of skin cancer are not impossible to recognize by the doctor or the patient himself. Pigmentation beyond normality, any change on the skin, especially in the size or color of a mole or any other pigmented growth or spot are some of these. Furthermore, oozing or bleeding from a nodule and any change in sensation, itchiness, tenderness, or pain are, too, symptoms of the same disorder. This disease may travel in the genes to make its presence felt generation to generation. Otherwise, uncontrolled exposure of the ultraviolet rays of the sun or occupational exposures to coal tar, pitch, creosote, arsenic compounds, or radium also makes a person prone to skin cancer. Basal cells that get cancerous are surgically removed from the skin and the layer stitched afterwards to prevent the cancer from spreading. They can also be removed by various schedules of radiation therapies.
Atopic Eczema is another commonly spreading ailment. It is similar to an allergy. Hypersensitivity issues are the main cause of this disorder. People, especially the younger ones, who are allergies like to dust, pollen, mold, fragrances, dyes etc., are more likely to suffer from this. Blisters with oozing and crusting, bleeding of the ear, change in skin colour i.e. darkening or lightening patches and the appearance of leather-like thick layers due to frequent scratching, called lichenification are the signs of Atopic Eczema. Diagnosis of the disease is primarily based on appearances on the skin and going into the patient’s history and his family’s, too. Obviously, it is best to avoid intake of foods one is allergic to or exposure to odours that make the symptoms worse. In the initial stages, doctors prescribe mild steroid creams or ointments; if they don’t help, stronger ointments are prescribed. Otherwise, when eczema is severe, antibiotics, allergy shots and oral or injected corticosteroids are taken aid of for treating the disease.
Tips and comments:
Skin diseases are inevitable courses and immediate treatment is not possible. Therefore, it is a wise thing to take care of hygiene in routine life instead of only when abnormal conditions like rashes appear. One should avoid scratching and itching by relieving the itch using cold compressors and taking antihistamines (anti-allergy medicines). Moreover, keeping the skin moisturized and avoiding very strong soaps and detergents is also advised. With routine measures carried out well, skin diseases shall not be much of a problem.
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