Diseases Diseases

5 Diseases That Affect The Respiratory System

Published at 07/15/2011 14:36:59

 Breathing is so essential for all living organism and this process is carried out by the respiratory system.  About 20,000 times an individual breathe per day.  The nose, throat, voice box, wind pipe and lungs together known as respiratory system. The air enters through the nose where it is warmed and humidified.  The dusts present in the air are filtered with the help of tiny hairs called cilia.  Then the air reaches the throat or pharynx and from there air passes via epiglottis, a small flap of tissue and reaches the lung.

 Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that involves narrowness or constriction of air passage.  If the air passage is blocked, the air flow into the lung and from your lungs is blocked. Further the linings of air passage are inflamed and very sensitive. A high amount of mucus is produced by the air passage walls. Due to the above action, breathing becomes very difficult as there is no enough amount of air.  The various symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, and overall difficulty breathing may occur.
The inflammation of the sinus cavities is known as sinusitis. Usually it gets worse after colds or allergic reactions. Most probably the sinusitis can occur with diseases associated with immune system.  Sinusitis must be treated as soon as the signs are exhibited since this can lead to respiratory problems such as meningitis, sinus abscesses and chronic sinusitis. The symptoms of sinusitis are headache or facial pain, nasal congestion, green or yellow nasal mucus, cough, sore throat, fatigue.
Colds are infection in respiratory system that is extremely contagious. Colds are caused by hundreds of different rhinoviruses. These viruses can easily spread through sneezing and coughing or even by touching contaminated objects.  It may take around 2-2 weeks to recover from cold by treating with medication. The antibiotics have no effect on viruses and hence it should not be taken as a cold remedy. The common symptoms of cold are sneezing, runny nose, cough, sore throat, congestion, low-grade fever, headache, muscle aches.

 Influenza is chronic respiratory tract infection caused by the influenza virus. It is an air borne virus; hence it is highly contagious which can easily spread from person to person. Though it is contagious, anti-viral drug and flu immunizations prevent from disease. The symptoms of Influenza are as follows: runny nose, fever and chills, cough, aches in muscles and joints, sore throat, upper respiratory congestion, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Pneumonia is a respiratory infection of the lungs caused by a virus or. It may take two to three weeks to recover completely, but in some cases respiratory failure occur and that result in death. The common symptoms of pneumonia symptoms are cough, shortness of breath, yellow, green or bloody mucus or sputum, chest pain, fatigue, chills and fever.

Tips and comments:

 Most of the respiratory disease caused by virus or bacteria. So care should be taken that the disease does not get spread.  Certain symptoms like cough, fever, mucus, chest pain occurs for prolonged time, it is better to get the medical help from the doctor.


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