Diseases Diseases

How To Know If You Have Infectious Diseases Hiv

Published at 03/22/2012 00:17:38


HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. When the HIV virus enters the body it multiplies rapidly and starts attacking the body in such a way that it gets the white blood cells off guard. It damages and kills the body's immune system causing AIDS which is an illness that progresses slowly. HIV leaves the body vulnerable to many different infections and cancers. HIV is transmitted through a number of factors some of which can be avoided. 


Step 1

HIV will often have some symptoms that can resemble the symptoms of other diseases. HIV infectious diseases can be very fatal to the extent of causing death if not managed on time. Each and every person should be well educated about the symptoms of the HIV infectious diseases that attack a HIV positive person. The following are the main symptoms of HIV infection:

  • Fever
  • Flu-like conditions
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Night sweats
  • Poor appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Rapid unexplained weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Skin rash
  • Kaposi sarcoma


Step 2

Get examined by a doctor. If you are having symptoms that resemble those of HIV infectious diseases, it is important to visit a doctor for examination. Symptoms that resemble those of HIV infectious diseases do not necessarily mean that a person is HIV positive. A doctor will examine to identify the underlying cause of the symptoms.

Step 3

Get tested for HIV. Taking a HIV test is the sure way to know if you are suffering from HIV infectious diseases. It may be scary to have to take a HIV test but it is the best thing you can do as knowing your status helps you to plan your future. If you are HIV positive, you can start managing it early enough to prevent it from advancing to AIDS at a fast rate. A HIV test taken about ten minutes and it can be done in hospitals or in a voluntary counseling and testing center.

Step 4

Know the status of your partner. Knowing the status of your sex partner can be helpful in knowing your risk of suffering from HIV. If your sex partner is HIV positive and you have had unprotected sex, it means that you could also be HIV positive. Some sex partners will not embrace the idea of getting tested together, they prefer testing alone and telling their partners their status but most of them lie about their status for fear of discrimination. It is therefore important to insist on having regular HIV test with your partner.

Step 5

Recall if you have had any exposure to the factors that cause HIV infectious diseases. These risk factors include:

  • having unprotected sex with an infected person
  • sharing unsterilized needles and other sharp objects with an infected person
  • having blood transfusion from an infected person
  • from an infected mother to child during birth and breast feeding


  • Knowing you HIV status early helps you in make informed decisions and preventing the HIV infectious diseases from attacking
  • A HIV positive person should always use protection during sex to protect their partner and themselves from other infections
  • Patient should avoid habits like smoking, taking alcohol and other drugs.
  • Being positive about your status will help a long way in coping with the HIV infectious diseases
  • Regular visits to the doctor will help to diagnose HIV infectious diseases early enough before they are complicated even to treat
  • Being open about your status will help to get the best and extra care from the people around you.


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