Muscles are known to give the shape and are known for their ability to flex. Just like any other parts of the body, the muscles are also very prone to diseases muscular. There are three kinds of muscles in the human body. These are the skeletal muscles, also known as the voluntary muscles, and cardiac and the smooth muscles. These last two muscle types are called involuntary muscles, as they work on their own without any conscious efforts. These muscles could be damaged because of variety of factors such as, infection, medication, accidents, etc.
Muscular disease, or muscle disease, are any of the diseases or disorders that affect the muscle system. Muscle disease is defined by some usual set of symptoms found across most types of muscular diseases. Muscle disease are also linked with delayed muscle motor skill development and loss of muscle mass.
Muscular system diseases are typically caused by issues with the central nervous system. Some of the most common muscular diseases include chronic fatigue syndrome, muscular dystrophy, compartment syndrome and fibromyalgia.
Muscle Diseases, Disorders and Symptoms
Let us discuss the muscular diseases and disorders mentioned above. These are just some of the diseases that affect people all over the world.
1.) Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Unlike the normal feeling of fatigue, this condition does not improve with sleep and rest. It worsens without any physical or even mental activity. This type of disorder is said to have no known cause, though it may be associated to a previous infection.
If you have chronic fatigue for more than six months, you may have acquired chronic fatigue syndrome. Its symptoms may also include significant problems with short-term memory, sore throat, muscle pain, headaches that are in different pattern, feeling tired even after sleeping and pain in several joints without swelling or redness.
2.) Muscular Dystrophy
This is known to be a group of inherited muscle diseases. In this type of muscle disease, the muscle fibers in the body stay at risk of damage. Voluntary muscles tend to be vulnerable to get affected by this condition; some types of this group affect the heart and other involuntary muscles. The usual symptoms are: muscle weakness, crippling and loss of coordination or balance.
3.) Compartment Syndrome
This is one of the most common neuromuscular diseases. It is known to be an exercise-induced, and affects the muscles of the limbs. This is most common in athletes. Main symptoms include:
• Pain in the affected limb
• Weakness in the affected area and sometimes worsen with swelling
This is more common in women than in men. This is a disease characterized by a variety of musculoskeletal pain associated with memory and mood issues; sleep and fatigue. It develops painful sensations and affects the way of the brain’s processing of pain signals.
Symptoms begin after a physical trauma, surgery, or psychological stress. Its symptoms include; fatigue, sleep difficulties, morning stiffness, muscle cramping and weakness, aches and pains all over the body, itchy and burning skin, headaches and/ or digestive disorders.
Muscular Diseases Prevention
The body has nearly over 600 skeletal muscles. It won’t be surprising if sometimes things go wrong. Preventing muscular diseases and disorders is relatively easy. Here are some prevention tips to avoid muscle diseases and disorders:
• Ward off muscle cramps by avoiding overusing the muscles. Drink lots of water and stay hydrated to prevent muscle cramping.
• Proper ways of exercising are needed. Do strength training at least two to three times a week to avoid straining the muscles.
• Maintain a healthy weight. Overweight people are most likely to become prone with muscle disorders and diseases as their body would have difficulties supporting their weights.
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