Proteins are a type of a biochemical compound which is formed by one or more linier chains of polypeptides formed by amino acids. Proteins are an essential part of the living structure and found both in the plants and the animals. Proteins generally help us in numerous body functions but especially in repairing the muscle cells and tissues that results in our fit and healthy body structure. But both excess intake and even deficient intake of proteins can lead to protein diseases. These protein diseases are even fatal in nature sometimes. Therefore, some tips need to be followed in order to prevent these protein diseases.
Protein diseases are seen in generally three cases. First are the malnutrition cases where the person has a diet devoid or insufficient of proteins. The second are those people who take protein supplements without consulting the dietician or a certified medical professional. In these cases often Proteinuria is the major disease associated. The third and the last case is the deficiency of proteins due to genetic disorder. Often these diseases are related to Protein C and Protein S. People who take insufficient amount of proteins or excess protein supplements are advised to consult either a dietician or certified medical professionals in order to take preventive steps from the above diseases.
Marasmic Kwashiorkor: Related to deficiency in proteins Marasmic Kwashiorkor is one of the major protein diseases which shows symptoms like edema and even deposition of fluids in the stomach region. Other associated symptoms of Marasmic Kwashiorkorinclude reduced blood pressure, incapability to tolerate lower temperatures and lethargy. This disease is generally found in the children who are given diets devoid or insufficient in starch amount. Food like rice, potato flour and other carbohydrate rich food often contain rich starch amount. Thus intake of the carbohydrate rich food prevents Marasmic Kwashiorkor.
Proteinuria: When protein in the body is in excess then the proteins are secreted through the body urine. Thus Proteinuria is one of those protein diseases that arises from high intake of proteins and is often seen in the cases of people who use protein supplements for body building. Symptoms of Proteinuria include edema and deposition of the excess proteins in the body fluids and areas of the stomach and legs. Often this disease results in chronic kidney damage since the proteins due to its dense structural configuration is unable to be filtered and gets deposited in the kidney tubules.
Cachexia:This disease is often related to Kwashiorkor but the fact remains that it is one of those protein diseases which though arise due to malnutrition it is related to the breakdown of the skeletal muscles. This disease generally occurs when the body mechanism itself starts to degrade the skeletal proteins for body use and thus can have associated symptom related diseases like cancer, chronic kidney related disorders and even failure, AIDS, and heartrelated diseases, prolonged disruptive respiratory sickness and even rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is sometimes seen to be more associated with cases where Marasmic Kwashiorkor has already developed.
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