What is stress and how does it affects an individual’s health? This is a common question nowadays.
Mental health professionals define stress as the physiological and psychological condition that an individual experiences when an eventful situation is perceived as threatening, demanding and harmful.
Any sort of change can make you feel stressed, even good changes. It’s not just the change itself that matters but also how you react to it.
Stress occurs when the demands of the individual exceeds the means to meet such demands. When this happens, it may cause physical, mental, emotional, personal, social, or familial pressure. Stress can affect an individual through four areas of human functioning:
1.) Physical effects of stress: These happen mainly through the neuro-endoctrino-immunological pathways. This causes increased heart beat, tremors, constipation, diarrhea, frequency in urinating, hyperacidity, etc.
2.) Mental effects of stress: This causes difficulty in decision making, inability to concentrate, frequent anger, panic attacks, mood swings, uneasiness and anxiety. These effects usually lead to mental health problems.
3.) Emotional effects of stress: These effects occur when emotional stress is not properly released. When emotional stress is suppressed it could lead to serious illnesses or diseases.
4.) Behavioural effects of stress: These can affect one's interpersonal and social relationships in a negative way. Some of these behavioural effects are: excessive smoking, alcoholism, aggressiveness, nervousness, being prone to accidents, etc.
Today’s biggest causes of stress include: work related stress, financial stress, conflicts in relationships and overwhelming family responsibilities.
Stress Related Diseases
When a person is stressed, he or she is susceptible in acquiring diseases. Some diseases that are caused by stress are as follows:
• Ischemic Heart Disease
• Skin Diseases such as lichen, pruritus, urticaria, etc.
• Sexual Dysfunction
• Acid Peptic Disease
When you have so many things that are causing you stress, the body’s defense system is constantly activated that you may not have the opportunity to rest, relax or recuperate. We all know that stress can cause health problems or even make existing health problems worse. To prevent you from diseases that are caused by various stresses, it is then very important that we know how to manage stress.
Here are some ways to overcome stress:
• Know what’s causing your stress and choose a way that is most comfortable for you to deal with it.
• Exercise, eat and sleep properly. Regular exercise keeps the mind and body fit. It releases positive hormones which soothes the mind and relaxes the body. Eat nutritious and well balanced food to help keep the bodily functions in a positive mode.
• Make time to have fun. Regular leisure is necessary to recharge our lives.
• Breathe deeply to relax.
• Listen to relaxing music.
Healthy skills for coping with stress are useful but sometimes we also tend to use negative or unhealthy strategies to cope with a stressful event in our lives. Some of these are: drinking and smoking too much, overeating, sleeping too much, isolation or doing too much to avoid the problems. People tend to do these things in the hopes of forgetting their problems and avoid facing them at the onset which only leads to a bigger problem.
Most Recent Articles
What Are Some Diseases Muscular?
Muscles are known to give the shape and are known for their ability to flex. Just like any other parts of the body, the muscles are also very prone to diseases muscular. There are three kind...
Skin Diseases - Pictures, Symptoms And Causes
Skin diseases come in different forms. They can be very easy to detect yet they still can occur to people in many different ways. People might experience these diseases in forms of mild blem...
Symptoms Of Skin Diseases (with Pictures)
It is known that among the common clinical diseases, skin diseases can be presented in many forms. These can take form as mild blemishes on the skin or a widely spread skin problem which, if...