Diseases Mental

What Are the Most Common Mental Disorders?

Introduction

Health and mental balance is most important in the man’s life. Unfortunately in our days, more and more people suffer from mental disorders that affect their lives in all kind of ways.
These mental disorders divide into several categories: generalized anxiety, panic attacks, depression, sleep walking, social phobias, insomnia and many more.
In our days, young people are most affected by these mental disorders, because they have a disorganized lifestyle and a hostile environment to manifest themselves. Everyday stress, personal and professional life issues, lack of professional communication and the lack of leisure time spent are driving us to common mental disorders.

History

Generalized anxiety disorder it’s a condition characterized by excessive anxiety, worry and panic. Symptoms occur on a longer period of time, at least six months and may be caused by a series of events or activities. The person can not control their emotions and concerns.
Anxiety disorders include features of other disorders: panic disorder (panic attacks), discomfort, fear and embarrassment to a person who is present in public or when interacting with others (social phobia), excessive fear or care not to ill (obsessive compulsive disorder), fear of being separated from loved ones (separation anxiety), fear of weight gain (anorexia), symptoms of psychological mechanisms triggered by physical illnesses or severe illness (hypochondria) and posttraumatic stress disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive.
Obsessive compulsive disorder is characterized by ideas resulting from images, impulses or obsessions but the urge to do something to reduce anxiety (usually a series of rituals, repetitive behaviors). Although people who have this disorder realize that their actions are not logical, they can not stop without help. The cause is unknown. Diagnosis is based on the patient's medical history. Treatment consists of psychotherapy and drug therapy in severe cases. This disorder occurs equally in men and women and affects approximately 2% of the population.

Attack and panic disorders.
Panic attack is a sudden manifestation of discomfort access panic, anxiety and fear accompanied by somatic and cognitive symptoms. Panic disorder include repeated occurrence of panic attacks, along with fears of future attacks and behavioral changes that avoid situations that could predispose to new crises. Isolated panic attacks do not require treatment, and panic disorders are treated with drug therapy, psychotherapy (the best results are cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure therapy), or both combinations.
Phobic disorders (phobias).
Phobic disorders are characterized by intense fear, persistent and groundless triggered by different situations, circumstances, objects, etc. This causes anxiety and desire for isolation. They are classified as general (agoraphobia, social phobia) or specific. The causes are unknown. Established diagnosis is based on the patient's medical history. Treatment for agoraphobia and social phobia, for example, consists in psychotherapy (exposure therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy) and drug therapy.

Features

Stress disorder.
Acute stress disorder involves repeatedly remembering of things or situations of trauma that are overwhelming. This diagnosis will be placed if the symptoms will persist for more than 4 weeks.
Posttraumatic stress disorder - involves recurrent, intrusive memories of a traumatic event, terrifying, painful. Symptoms include avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event, nightmares and other reactions of the body characteristic stress (lack of sleep, anxiety, overactive expression of feelings, difficulty concentrating, a tendency of isolation). The diagnosis is established based on medical history of the person. Treatment consists of exposure therapy and medication.

By Stanculescu Mihai Bogdan, published at 01/25/2012
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